A Note About My Sources

Here is a list of the sources I used to compile these posts. For once I didn’t reference within the posts as (1) it would have interrupted the flow, and (2) I was running short of time to finish! If you’d like to know more about the book, the title contains a link (where available) to its Amazon page.

Primary Sources:

The Bruce (Canongate Classics) – John Barbour – a primary source, although written 60 years after the battle and as an homage to Bruce. In which case it must be seen in that light, in that Bruce is made to look more heroic then he probably was. Nevertheless, contains lots of details about the battle. This version is translated into English.

Scalacronica: The Reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III… – Sir Thomas Grey. A contemporary account written by the son of the Sir Thomas Grey captured at Bannockburn on day one. Therefore it contains a lot of eyewitness detail about the battle, but especially about 23rd June. Its accuracy is more in doubt for the 24th as Grey was not present.

Chronicles Of The Reigns Of Edward I And Edward Ii: Commendatio Lamentabilis In Transitu Magni Regis Edwardi. Gesta Edwardi De Carnarvan Auctore … Vita Edwardi Ii. Vita Et Mors Edwardi Ii… – Another contemporary source written before 1326 by an unknown author but thought to have been someone involved closely with the English court.

The Chronicle of Lanercost, 1272-1346: Translated, With Notes (Classic Reprint) – A contemporary chronicle compiled at the northern monastery of Lanercost. The writer hated the Scots but was not much of a fan of Edward II either.

TrokeloweJohannis de Trokelowe, et Henrici de Blaneforde, monachorum S. Albani Volume 3; no. 28 ; ecnon quorundam anonymorum Chronica et annales, regnantibus … Secundo, Ricardo Secundo, et Henrico Quarto– Contemporary chronicle with a great deal about the Battle of Bannockburn.

Baker (Chronicon Galfridi Le Baker de Swynebroke. Edited with notes by E. M. Thompson.) Contemporary chronicle by Geoffrey Baker, more pro-Edward than most chroniclers of the time.

Secondary Sources

Bannockburn 1314: Robert Bruce’s Great Victory – Pete Armstrong – A useful basic book with excellent illustrations by Graham Turner. Tends to support the Dryfield theory of the battlesite.

Robert Bruce: And the Community of the Realm of Scotland: An Edinburgh Classic Edition (Edinburgh Classic Editions) – G.W.S. Barrow – Excellent book about Robert Bruce. Has a very good chapter on Bannockburn, although once again, he supports the Dryfield as the battle site.

Battle of Bannockburn 1314 – Aryeh Nusbacher – A more descriptive account of teh events, almost sounding fictional at times. But good information about the troops, equipment etc. Supports the Carse as battle field theory. Also puts forward some good points about Edward II’s order of battle on the Carse – or lack of it!

Bannockburn Revealed: The site of the Battle of Bannockburn – William Scot – Because of its non-academic format and tendency to dismiss other historians, this book by William Scot is often dismissed as unworthy of study. However, I found that Scot had researched his subject well, AND thoroughly walked the landscape. It is difficult to read, full of sentences in capitals and does not have an index – but is worth ploghing through to get at the gold nuggets contained within.

Aymer De Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 1307-24: Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II – J.R.S. Philips – The complete biography of one of Edward II’s most stalwart and pragmatic nobles. Hard to get.

Knights and Warhorses: Military Service and the English Aristocracy under Edward III – Andrew Ayton – Excellent resource for those wanting to know more about destriers and coursers in warfare.

Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: The English Experience – Michael Prestwich – Again, an excellent resource about the composition and tactics of medieval armies.

Other Media:

Quest for Bannockburn – BBC Scotland (2014). The very latest archaeological evidence and historical interpretation concerning Bannockburn. Brilliant documentary with excellent re-enactments and computer graphics. A preview of the first episode can be found on YouTube here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LN9HvaOSQA


The new Bannockburn Battlefield Centre website: http://battleofbannockburn.com/visit/

UK Battlefields Resource Centre: http://www.battlefieldstrust.com/resource-centre/medieval/battleview.asp?BattleFieldId=57



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